بررسی اثربخشی برنامۀ مداخله‌ای مبتنی بر بازی‌های عصب نمایشی بر دلبستگی مادر- جنین در زنان باردار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشیار روان‌شناسی کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 استادیار روان‌شناسی کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

4 استاد سنجش و اندازه‌گیری دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

5 استادیار روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثربخشی برنامۀ مداخله‌ای مبتنی بر بازی‌های عصب نمایشی بر دلبستگی مادران باردار- جنین بود. به منظور اجرای برنامۀ مداخله‌ای، مادران داوطلب 20 تا 35 سالۀ نخست‌زا که به لحاظ سطح تحصیلی دیپلم به بالا بودند و مطابق مقیاس گلدبرگ دارای سلامت عمومی بودند، از ابتدای ماه چهارم بارداری به صورت پانزده روز یک‌بار به مدت یک ساعت مورد آموزش قرار گرفتند. به منظور بررسی وضعیت دلبستگی، مقیاس دلبستگی پیش از تولد ماهانه توسط مادران پر می‌شد. روش مورد استفادۀ این پژوهش، روش نیمه آزمایشی و از نوع طرح پیش آزمون پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. گروه گواه با در نظرگیری ملاک‌های ورود و شمول از میان مادران مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان نیکان انتخاب شدند. یافته‌ها در سطح آمار توصیفی نشان دهندۀ اثرگذاری برنامۀ آموزشی مورد پژوهش بود ولی در سطح آمار استنباطی و با استفاده از آزمون t، میانگین دو گروه تنها به لحاظ شدت در ماه هفتم و در سطح 05/0 تفاوت معناداری داشت. نتایج حاصل از پژوهش نشان می‌دهند که اجرای برنامۀ آموزشی مبتنی بر بازی‌های عصب نمایشی توان تاثیرگذاری بر سطح دلبستگی پیش از تولد را دارد بنابراین می‌توان از این برنامه در جهت ارتقای سطح دلبستگی مادران استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Neuro-Dramatic Play (NDP) on Mother- Fetus Attachment in Pregnant Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Tavakoli 1
  • Shahla Pezeshk 2
  • Janet Hashemi Azar 3
  • Ali Delavar 4
  • Gholam Reza Sarami 5
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Psychology of Children with Special Needs, Allameh Tabataba`i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Psychology of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba`i University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Psychology of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba`i University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Professor, Department of Educational Assessment, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba`i University, Tehran, Iran.
5 Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program based on neuro- dramatic play on mother-fetus attachment in pregnant women. For this purpose, the program was implemented from the 4th month of pregnancy and for biweekly an hour on volunteer women who were 20 to 35 years old, nulliparous, had general health according to Goldberg scale and their education was at least diploma. In order to check the status of attachment, the mothers filled the maternal antenatal attachment scale monthly. The method was semi-experimental and the pretest- posttest control group design, so the control group was selected with considering inclusion and exclusion criteria from women referred to Nikan hospital. Results based on descriptive statistics show the effectiveness of the research program but based on inferential statistics and using t test, significant difference between two groups was observed just in intensity of the 7th month. According to the results, it seems that the program was effective in promoting prenatal attachment, so we can use it to support at risk groups of attachment problems

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neuro-Dramatic Plays
  • Mother- fetus attachment
  • Prenatal attachment
  • Antenatal attachment

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