Comparing the Efficacy of Three Therapeutic Methods of Emotional Expression, Mental and Combined Relaxation in Reducing Perceived Stress

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی


1 M.A. in Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology Department, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Efficacy of Three Therapeutic Methods of Emotional Expression, Mental and Combined Relaxation in Reducing Perceived Stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Naderi 1
  • Farideh Hossein Sabet 2
  • Faramarz Sohrabi 3
1 M.A. in Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology Department, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The phenomenon of stress and its role in sickness and health is overt. Furthermore, various studies have confirmed the role of emotions in psychological well-being; but the relation between stress and emotions is one of the important issues about which there are different theories. The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of three interventions including: emotional expression, meditation and compound method on perceived stress.
The design used in the present study is quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest with control group and a two-month follow-up stage. Forty men who voluntarily had referred to Tavan Afza Clinic were chosen using hand-to-hand sampling method and were randomly assigned to four groups. The Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale was used in the pretest, posttest and follow-up stages and the intervention lasted for eight sessions within one month. The data were analyzed by covariance and T-test independent group test. The statistical data indicated that the difference between the compound treatment group and control group by the significance level of 5% and the confidence level of 95% was significant; but the difference between the other groups was not significant. The results indicated that the compound method can be effective in reducing perceived stress of the youth. Therefore, this method can be used as an effective way to reduce stress in the stressed-out people and to improve psychological well-being in the youth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional expression
  • Meditation
  • Perceived stress
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