پیش‌بینی افسردگی بر اساس مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی: نقش میانجی خود انتقادی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سمنان، ‌سمنان،‌ ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین نقش مستقیم مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی با افسردگی و همچنین نقش غیرمستقیم این مؤلفه‌ها با میانجی‌گری خود انتقادی با افسردگی بود. به این منظور تعداد 200 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب و به ابزارهای تحقیق شامل مقیاس کمال‌گرایی، مقیاس خود انتقادی و پرسشنامه افسردگی بک پاسخ دادند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر استفاده شد. نتایج ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که بین مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی با خود انتقادی و افسردگی رابطه معنی‌داری وجود دارد. علاوه بر آن رابطه خود انتقادی با افسردگی نیز معنی‌دار بود. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نیز نشان داد که ضرایب بتای مربوط به مسیر کمال‌گرایی دیگر مدار به افسردگی و مسیر کمال‌گرایی جامعه مدار به خود انتقادی معنی‌دار نیست؛ اما ضرایب سایر مسیرها معنی‌دار بود. شاخص‌های برازش مدل نیز حاکی از برازش خوب مدل با داده‌ها بود. درمجموع نتایج نشان داد که 59 درصد از واریانس متغیر افسردگی توسط مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی و خود انتقادی و 33 درصد از واریانس متغیر خود انتقادی توسط مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی خودمدار و دیگر مدار تبیین شد. درمجموع با توجه به اطلاعات حاصله نتیجه گرفته می‌شود که از طریق اصلاح خود انتقادی و مؤلفه‌های کمال‌گرایی به میزان زیادی می‌توان افسردگی آزمودنی‌های را کنترل کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Depression based on the Components of Perfectionism: The Mediating Role of Self-criticism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alimohammad Rezaei 1
  • Faeze Jahan 2
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2 PhD candidate of Educational Psychology, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan,
چکیده [English]

This study deals with the direct role of perfectionism components in depression and their indirect mediating role in depression. To this end, 200 students at Bu-Ali Sina University in Hamedan were selected using the stratified random sampling method and responded to the research instruments, including perfectionism scale, self-criticism scale, and Beck's Depression Inventory. Pearson correlation and path analysis were applied in data collection. Results of the former indicated that there is a significant relation between the components of perfectionism and self-criticism and depression. In addition, there was a significant relation between self-criticism and depression. Path analysis results suggest that beta coefficient of other oriented perfectionism path to depression and community oriented perfectionism path to self-criticism is not significant, while the other path coefficients were significant. Good fit of model indices also demonstrated that the model has a good fit vis-à-vis the model. Overall, the results showed that perfectionism and self-criticism account for 59% of the variance of depression, and self-oriented perfectionism and other-oriented perfectionism account for 33% of the variance of self-criticism. Overall, one could draw the conclusion from the collected information that the subjects' depression could remarkably be controlled through reformed self-criticism and components of perfectionism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Depression
  • perfectionism
  • Self-criticism
  • students

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