مقایسمقایسه‌ی نیمرخ عصب - روان‌شناختی بیماران مبتلابه اختلال شخصیت وسواسی و اختلال وسواس فکری - جبری با جمعیت سالم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه الزهراء، گروه روانشناسی

2 استاد دانشگاه الزهراء

3 دانشیار دانشگاه الزهراء،گروه روانشناسی

چکیده

پژوهش‌های معدودی نقص‌های عصب‌شناختی را در افراد مبتلابه اختلال شخصیت وسواسی بررسی کرده‌اند. به‌علاوه بدکارکردهای شناختی می‌تواند در ارتباط با صفات شخصیت وسواسی نیز رخ دهند. ویژگی‌های شخصیت وسواسی مانند پایبندی خشک به قواعد می‌توانند به‌عنوان راهبردی جبرانی در پاسخ به نقایص شناختی باشند. از طرفی با توجه به ارتباط این اختلال با اختلال وسواس فکری و با توجه به الگوی کارکردهای عصب‌شناختی در بیماران مبتلا به اختلال وسواس چنین فرض شد که افراد مبتلا به اختلال شخصیت وسواسی نیز نقایصی در مجموعه ارزیابی‌های عصب‌شناختی نشان دهند، برای بررسی این فرض نیمرخ عصب‌روان‌شناختی بیماران مبتلابه اختلال شخصیت وسواسی و اختلال وسواس فکری - جبری با گروه سالم مقایسه شد. در پژوهش حاضر، بیماران مبتلابه اختلال شخصیت وسواسی، اختلال وسواس فکری - جبری و گروه سالم در یک مجموعه ارزیابی‌های عصب‌شناختی بررسی شدند. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند‌متغیری نشان داد که افراد مبتلابه اختلال شخصیت وسواسی و اختلال وسواس فکری - جبری تفاوت معناداری در ارزیابی‌های عصب‌شناختی از انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی، حل مسئله و حافظه‌ی کاری دارند. این نتایج نشان‌دهنده‌ی نقص در انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی، حل مسئله و حافظه‌ی کاری در این بیماران هست.درحالی‌که الگوی اختلالات عصب‌شناختی در این دو اختلال متفاوت هست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing neuropsychological profiles in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder with normal group

نویسندگان [English]

  • negin past 1
  • Zohreh Khosravi 2
  • Seyed Abolgasem Mehrinejad 3
2 . Professor of Psychology, Alzahra University, Department of psychology, Tehran , Iran
3 assistant Professor of Psychology, Alzahra University, Department of psychology, Tehran , Iran
چکیده [English]

There is a few research that have examined on neuropsychological ­deficits in Obsessive Compulsive Personality disorder (OCPD). In addition, neuropsychological disfunction ­can also be in relationship with obsessive compulsive personality symptoms. OCPD symptoms like rigid bounds to rules, can be compensation for cognitive deficits, and in other hand, considering the relation between OCPD and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and regarding neuropsychological functions pattern in OCD, It is hypothesized that  patients with OCPD  also showed deficits in neuropsychological assessments. So ­neuropsychological profile of patients with OCPD and OCD have been compared with control healthy participants. In the present study, a neuropsychological test battery was administered to patients with OCPD, OCD and control healthy participants . Results of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that there is a significant difference in ­ neuropsycological assessments of cognitive flexibility, problem solving and working memory between patients with ­ OCPD and OCD. Our results suggest that OCD and OCPD patients have cognitive impairment in cognitive flexibility, problem solving and working memory. However impairment pattern was differed between OCD and OCPD patients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neuropsychological profile
  • obsessive - compulsive personality
  • obsessive compulsive
  • healthy group
  • disorder
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