مدل ساختاری نظم بخشی هیجانی و علائم اختلال اضطراب فراگیر در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روانشناسی بالینی

2 دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین مدل ساختاری نظم­بخشی هیجانی و علائم اختلال اضطراب فراگیر در دانشجویان انجام شد.برای دستیابی به هدف پژوهش، تعداد 462 (223 دختر و 241 پسر) دانشجوی دانشگاه شیراز با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری طبقه­ای تصادفی به‌عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس مشکلات در نظم­بخشی هیجانی، پرسشنامه نگرانی ایالت پنسیلوانیا و پرسشنامه اختلال اضطراب فراگیر پاسخ دادند. داده­ها با استفاده از روش مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری تحلیل شدند. نتایج مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که از بین مؤلفه­های دشواری در نظم­بخشی هیجانی، دسترسی محدود به راهبردهای نظم‌بخشی هیجانی هم به­صورت مستقیم و هم با واسطه­گری نگرانی و مؤلفه دشواری در انجام رفتار هدفمند تنها به­صورت مستقیم بر علائم اختلال اضطراب تعمیم­یافته تأثیر می­گذارند. به­طورکلی این نتایج نشان می­دهد که مؤلفه­های نظم­بخشی هیجانی می­توانند بر علائم اختلال اضطراب فراگیر در جمعیت عمومی تأثیرگذار باشد، به‌طوری‌که افزایش دشواری­ها در نظم­بخشی هیجانی منجر به افزایش نگرانی و علائم اختلال اضطراب فراگیر در آن­ها می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural model of emotional regulation and symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder in students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Forough Edrissi 1
  • Mostafa khanzadeh 2
  • Abdolmajid bahrainian 3
1 Forough Edrissi PhD. Student of Clinical Psychology Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
2 Mostafa khanzadeh PhD. Student of Psychology Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran,
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This research aims to dtermine Structural Model of Emotion regulation and symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in students.
Method: for this aim, 462 students of Shiraz University (223 female, 241 male) were selected using stratified random sampling as statistical sample. This participant responded to Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV (GADQ-IV). Data analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).
Results: results of SEM showed that among difficulties in emotional regulation, limited access to emotional regulation strategies effect on symptoms of GAD directly and indirectly, with mediating of worry. Also, these results indicate that difficulties engaging in goal-directed behaviors can only effect directly on symptoms of GAD.
Conclusion: in general, these results show that emotional regulation components can affect symptoms of GAD in general population, so that increasing difficulties in emotional regulation due to increasing worry and symptoms of GAD.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • emotion regulation
  • Worry
  • symptoms of GAD
  • structural equation modeling
  • Lisrel
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