بررسی حساسیت اضطرابی، فرانگرانی و مؤلفه‌های تنظیم هیجانی در دانشجویان با نشانگان بالینی اضطراب اجتماعی و بهنجار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی E-mail: dr.bayrami@yahoo.com

2 . کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تبریز. تبریز، ایران (نویسنده مسئول) E-mail: . کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تبریز. تبریز، ایران (نویسنده مسئول) E-mail: e.akbari_psy@yahoo.com

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آیت‌اله آملی، آمل، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تبریز. تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: حساسیت اضطرابی، فرانگرانی و تنظیم هیجانی از مؤلفه‌های مهم روانشناختی دخیل در اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی­اند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی و مقایسه حساسیت اضطرابی، فرانگرانی و مؤلفه­های تنظیم هیجانی در دانشجویان با نشانگان بالینی اضطراب اجتماعی و بهنجار انجام شده است.
روش: روش این پژوهش از نوع پس رویدادی (علّی- مقایسه­ای) است. نمونه پژوهش شامل 92 نفر (46 نفر مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و 46 نفر بهنجار به عنوان گروه شاهد) بود. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از مقیاس­های افکار اضطرابی ولز، تنظیم هیجانی گراس و جان و حساسیت اضطرابی ریس و پترسون استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از تحلیل واریانس چند متغییری استفاده شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین دانشجویان دارای اضطراب اجتماعی و بهنجار از لحاظ حساسیت اضطرابی، فرانگرانی و ارزیابی مجدد تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد، بدین صورت که دانشجویان دارای اضطراب اجتماعی، حساسیت اضطرابی و فرانگرانی بیشتری تجربه می­کنند، اما ارزیابی مجدد در دانشجویان دارای اضطراب اجتماعی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کمتر است. همچنین از لحاظ فرونشانی بین دو گروه تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه­گیری: حساسیت اضطرابی، فرانگرانی و ارزیابی مجدد سازه­هایی روانشناختی هستند که در شکل­گیری اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی نقش بسزایی ایفا کرده و منجر به پایداری علائم این اختلال می­شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Investigation of Anxiety Sensitivity, Meta-Worry and Components of Emotion Regulation in Students with and without Social Anxiety

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansour Beirami 1
  • Ebrahim Akbari 2
  • Abdollah Qasempour 3
  • Zeinab Azimi 4
1 . Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz; email: dr.bayrami@yahoo.com
2 MA Holder, Clinical Psychology, University of Tabriz; email: e.akbari_psy@yahoo.com.
3 MA Holder, General Psychology, Member of Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University of Amol
4 MA Holder, Clinical Psychology, University of Tabriz
چکیده [English]

Anxiety sensitivity, meta-worry and emotion regulation are critical psychological components involved in social anxiety disorder. The present paper seeks to study anxiety sensitivity, meta-worry and components of emotion regulation in students with and without social anxiety disorder.
This paper presents the ex post facto research design (causal-comparative method). The sample included 92 patients (46 patients with social anxiety disorder and 46 normal people). Data was collected using Wells anxiety thoughts, Gross and John emotion regulation, and Reiss and Peterson anxiety sensitivity index. They were also analyzed through MANOVA.
The results showed that there were significant differences between groups of students with and without social anxiety disorder in anxiety sensitivity, meta-worry and reappraisal. In other words, students with social anxiety disorder experience more anxiety sensitivity and meta-worry and less reappraisal than the control group. Also, there was no significant difference between groups in terms of suppression.
The anxiety sensitivity, meta-worry and reappraisal are psychological structures which play a significant role in the development of social anxiety disorder and can lead to persistence of its symptoms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social anxiety
  • emotion regulation
  • Anxiety sensitivity
  • meta-worry
  • Reappraisal
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