اثربخشی آموزش و تمرین‌های تن‌آرامی ‌بر اضطراب و ظرفیت حافظه کاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 - کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات.

2 استادیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی.

3 استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان.

4 دانشیاردانشگاه علامه طباطبائی.

چکیده

در این پژوهش برای آزمایش تأثیر آموزش و تمرین‌های تن‌آرامی ‌بر میزان اضطراب و ظرفیت حافظه کاری در نوجوانان با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای دو مرحله‌ای، پس از غربالگری با استفاده از آزمون خودسنجی اضطراب زونگ (1970)، 40 نفر از دانش‌آموزان دوره راهنمایی در دو گروه 20 نفری آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. ابتدا هر دو گروه به پرسشنامه ظرفیت حافظه کاری دانیمن کارپنتر (1980) پاسخ دادند. در مرحله بعد گروه آزمایش طی 12 جلسه آموزشی یک ساعته (هر هفته 3 جلسه)، تحت آموزش و تمرین‌های تن‌آرامی ‌قرار گرفت (به گروه کنترل هیچ‌گونه آموزشی ارائه نشد.) پس از پایان جلسات آموزشی، آزمون‌های خودسنجی اضطراب زونگ و ظرفیت حافظه کاری دانیمن کارپنتر مجدداً توسط هر دو گروه تکمیل شد. داده‌های به دست امده با آزمون‌های t مستقل و وابسته و تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره تحلیل شد. نتایج حاکی از آن است که آموزش و تمرین‌های تن‌آرامی ‌موجب کاهش میزان اضطراب و افزایش ظرفیت حافظه کاری نوجوانان

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Relaxation Training on Anxiety and Working Memory Capacity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Monir Kalāntar-Qoreyshi 1
  • Ahmad Borjali 2
  • Abbās Zāmyād 3
  • Fariborz Dortāj 4
1 Master of Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
2 Assistant Professor, Allameh Tabataba’i University
3 Assistant Professor, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
4 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabataba’i University
چکیده [English]

In this study we examine the effect of relaxation training on anxiety reduction and on working memory capacity (WMC). In an experimental study the students of a secondary school in Tehran were selected using random cluster sampling. Through an anxiety test based on the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (1970), 40 girl students were divided into two test and control groups by random assignment. In the pre-test, students responded to questionnaire of working memory capacity (Daneman & Carpenter, 1980). The tests were organized in group form. In the next stage of research, the test group received 12 one-hour session training (3 sessions per week), and were offered relaxation techniques, as well as deep breathing and muscle relaxation, while no training was provided for the control group. Upon completion of the sessions in the post-test stage, both test and control groups were tested again with Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and questionnaires of working memory capacity (Daneman & carpenter, 1980). The statistical methodology was based on multivariate analysis of covariance. The results of this study suggest that relaxation training increases the working memory capacity and its components, i.e. storage and processing, by way of decreasing anxiety. Therefore, relaxation training is a useful strategy for reduction of anxiety and promotion of working memory capacity

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • relaxation
  • Anxiety
  • Working memory
  • adolescence

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