بررسی ساختار و مفهوم دلتنگی عاشقانه در زوج‏ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره.

2 استادیار دانشکده روان‏شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ساختار و مفهوم دلتنگی عاشقانه با استفاده از روش «تحلیل اولیه» در زوج‏های ایرانی انجام شده است. ابتدا نمونه‏ای از جوانان(18 تا 33 سال) خصیصه‏های مربوط به احساس دلتنگی عاشقانه را آزادانه فهرست کردند (مرحله اول). سپس نمونة دیگری از جوانان (18 تا 33 سال) خصیصه‏های فهرست شده در مرحله اول را از نظر مرکزیت نمره‏دهی کردند (مرحله دوم). با استفاده از بیست خصیصه برتر از نظر مرکزیت «الگوی اولیة» دلتنگی عاشقانه بدست آمد که برای پاسخگویی در اختیار دو گروه دیگر از زوج‏های «دور از یکدیگر» و «در کنار یکدیگر» (18 تا 33 سال) گذاشته شد (مرحله سوم). نتایج حاصل از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی بر روی داده‏های مرحله سوم پژوهش سه عامل را برای «الگوی اولیة» دلتنگی عاشقانه مشخص کرد که عبارتند از: اشتیاق به ارتباط و نزدیکی، تفکر و تصویرسازی ذهنی و احساس غم و جدایی. مقایسه دو گروه زوج‏های «دور» و «نزدیک» با آزمون آماری t مستقل نشان داد که این دو گروه در هر سه عامل و نمره کل دلتنگی عاشقانه، تفاوت معناداری دارند. با محاسبه ویژگی‏های روانسنجی مربوط به «الگوی اولیة» بدست آمده برای دلتنگی عاشقانه در این پژوهش، مقیاس بیست سؤالی «دلتنگی عاشقانه» برای سنجش میزان دلتنگی در دوران دوری از یار ارائه شد(20 سؤال، 921/0 =α، 65/102=M ،82/22 =SD).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prototype analysis of romantic missing

نویسندگان [English]

  • T. Mansori 1
  • Kh. Ariyan 2
  • M. R. Falsafinezhad 2
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the structure and definition of romantic missing from prototype perspective. In the first Study, Iranian young participants (age 18 to 33) generate features of missing a partner. In the second Study, another group of participants (age 18 to 33) rated the centrality of features gathered in the first Study. In the third Study, the most 20 central features generating the prototype of romantic missing was given to tow groups of participant (age 18 to 33), couples in long distance relationship (LDR) and couples in close relationship (CR). Results of exploratory factor analysis on the third study data supported three factors for the romantic missing prototype which are: desire for communicating and being together, imagining and thinking and feeling sad and separated. Two groups of LDR and CR were compared by the use of independent T-test and differences in total missing score and also each three factors score were significant for these two groups. A prototype measure of “romantic missing” offered to assess the extent to which partners experience romantic missing during interpersonal separation (N=20, α=0.921, M= 102.65, SD= 22.82).
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Romantic Missing
  • Long Distance Relationship
  • Prototype Analysis
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