رابطه کمال‌گرایی با سلامت و بیماری جسمی

نویسنده

استاد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در این پژوهش رابطة ابعاد کمال‌گرایی و سلامت و بیماری جسمی ‌مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر مطالعة نوع رابطة کمال‏گرایی خود محور، کمال‌گرایی دیگر محور و کمال‏گرایی جامعه محور با شاخص‌های سلامت جسمی‌شامل نشانه‌‌های مشکلات پزشکی، سلامت ادراک شده، تعداد مراجعات به پزشک و تعداد روز‌های بستری در رختخواب به دلیل بیماری در نمونه‌ای از جمعیت عمومی بود. دویست و هفتاد و چهار داوطلب (154 زن، 120 مرد) در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. از آزمودنی‌ها خواسته شد مقیاس کمال‏گرایی چند بعدی تهران (TMPS) و مقیاس سلامت جسمی ‌(PHI) را تکمیل کنند. برای تحلیل داده‌‌های پژوهش از شاخص‌‌ها و روش‌های آماری شامل فراوانی، درصد، میانگین، انحراف معیار، ضرایب همبستگی و تحلیل رگرسیون استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که بین کمال‏گرایی خود محور و جامعه محور با همه شاخص‌‌های سلامت جسمی ‌به ترتیب همبستگی مثبت و منفی وجود دارد، در حالی که کمال‏گرایی دیگرمحور فقط با شاخص تعداد مراجعات به پزشک همبستگی منفی معنادار داشت. کمال‌گرایی خود محور از طریق تقویت انگیزه‌‌های فردی و بسیج نیرو‌های روانشناختی و آمادگی‌‌ها و توانمندی‌‌های جسمی‌شاخص‌‌های سلامت را بهبود می‌بخشد، در حالی‌که کمال‌گرایی جامعه محور با تحمیل انتظارات آرمانی دیگران و فشار و استرس مداوم بر فرد، همزمان نیرو‌های روانشناختی و آمادگی‌‌ها و توانمندی‌‌های جسمی‌ وی را تحلیل می‌برد و تضعیف می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Perfectionism and Physical Ill-Health

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Besharat (Ph.D)
چکیده [English]

he aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perfectionism and medical ill-health in a sample of general population. A correlation analysis was performed to assess the kind of association existing among three dimensions of perfectionism including self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism with ill-health indices including physical symptoms, perceived health, number of medical visits, and number of days sick in bed. A total of 274 volunteers (154 women, 120 men) were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete the Tehran Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (TMPS) and the Physical Health Inventory (PHI). Analysis of the data involved both descriptive and inferential statistics including means, standard deviations, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and regression analyses. The results revealed that self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism were associated with health indices in opposite direction. Other-oriented perfectionism showed negative association only with number of medical visits. It was concluded that self-oriented perfectionism would improve physical health indices through reinforcement of personal motivation, and provocation of mental and physical abilities. Socially prescribed perfectionism would negatively influence physical health indices through imposing high expectations by others which diminish mental and physical abilities in turn.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • perfectionism
  • physical health
  • physical illness
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