ارزیابی شناختی و راهبردهای کنترل فکر در بیماران مبتلا به PTSD و افراد بهنجار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‏شناسی بالینی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانشیار گروه روان‏شناسی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 استاد گروه روان‏شناسی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه ارزیابی شناختی و راهبردهای کنترل فکر در بیماران مبتلا به PTSD و افراد بهنجار است. این پژوهش مطالعه مورد شاهدی است. نمونه این پژوهش 40 بیمار مبتلا به PTSD و 40 فرد بهنجار ساکن در استان‏های مازندران و تهران بودند که با روش نمونه‏گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‏آوری داده‏ها از مصاحبه تشخیصی جامع بین‏المللی، مقیاس شناخت‏های پس از آسیب، پرسشنامه راهبرد‏های کنترل فکر و مقیاس ضربه رویداد استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که ارزیابی شناختی مختل و استفاده از راهبرد‏های کنترل فکر ناکارآمد در افراد مبتلا به PTSD نسبت به افراد بهنجار به طور معناداری بیشتر است. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چند‏متغیری نشان داد که ارزیابی شناختی و راهبرد‏های کنترل فکر 77 درصد از واریانس علایم PTSD را در افراد مبتلا به این اختلال تبیین می‏کنند. این نتایج بیان می‏کند که راهبردهای کنترل فکر و ارزیابی شناختی با علایم PTSD مرتبط هستند. همچنین این یافته‏ها با مدل فراشناختی ولز در موردPTSD  همسان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The cognitive appraisal and thought control strategies in the patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder and normal persons

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Bakhshian (M. A) 1
  • A. Abolghasemi (Ph. D) 2
  • M. Narimani (Ph. D) 3
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present research was to compare thought control strategies and cognitive appraisal of patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder. This research is a case-control study. The research sample consisted of 40 patients with PTSD and 40 normal persons which were selected by available sampling. To collect the data, Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory, Thought Control Questionnaire and The Impact of Event Scale-Revised were used. The MANOVA results showed that dysfunctional cognitive appraisal and use of inefficient thought control strategies in patients with PTSD is significantly greater than normal person. The results of multiple regressions also showed cognitive appraisal and thought control strategies percent 77 had significant contribute in prediction symptoms in patients with PTSD. The results suggested that thought control strategies and cognitive appraisal are related to PTSD symptoms. Also, the findings are consistent with Wells’ meta-cognitive model of PTSD.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognition appraisal
  • thought control strategies
  • PTSD

عبدی، احمد.، مرادی، علی رضا.، اکرمیان، فهیمه. (1387). بررسی عملکرد افراد مبتلا به PTSD ناشی از جنگ در حافظۀ شرح حال، فصلنامۀ علمی پژوهش در سلامت روان‏شناختی، 3، 34- 25.

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