اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر ذهن‌آگاهی بر نشانه‌های افسردگی، اضطراب و نشخوار ذهنی در افراد بزرگسال با اختلال‌های طیف درخودماندگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

چکیده
مقدمه: اختلال­های افسردگی، اضطراب و نشخوار ذهنی از مهم­ترین آسیب­های روانشناختی در افراد با اختلال­های طیف درخودماندگی هستند. لذا این تحقیق با هدف تعیین اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی بر کاهش نشانه­های افسردگی، اضطراب و نشخوار ذهنی انجام شده است.
روش: 41 نفر فرد بزرگسال با اختلال­های طیف درخودماندگی در سنین 15 تا 26 سال که به روش نمونه در دسترس در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و گروه کنترل (21 نفر) گمارده شدند. به گروه آزمایش یک پروتکل درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی اصلاح شده تیزدل و همکاران (1995) به مدت 9 هفته آموزش داده شد ولی به گروه کنترل آموزش داده نشد.
نتایج: تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از روش T گروه­های مستقل، مجذور کای و تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری نشان دادند که میزان اختلال­های افسردگی، اضطراب و نشخوار فکری در گروه آزمایش کاهش یافت. همچنین در گروه آزمایش افزایش عاطفه­ی مثبت مشاهده شد ولی در گروه کنترل مشاهده نشد. درمان مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی در بهبود اختلال­های افسردگی، اضطراب و نشخوار ذهنی افراد بزرگسال با اختلال­های طیف درخودماندگی مؤثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Therapy on Depression, Anxiety and Rumination in Adul

نویسنده [English]

  • Parviz Sharifi Daramadi
Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology, University of Allameh tabatabaei
چکیده [English]

Research suggests that depression, anxiety and rumination
disorders are among the most important psychological problems in
patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Mindfulness-based
therapy (MBT) has been found effective in reducing anxiety and
depression symptoms, but little research has studied patients with
autism. The present study therefore aimed at examining effects of a
modified MBT protocol (MBT-AS) in high-functioning adults with
ASD. A group of 42 autistic individuals, chosen through convenient
sampling and aging from 15 to 26, were divided into an experimental
(20 individuals) and a control (21 individuals) group. The
experimental group received a treatment protocol based on
mindfulness (Teasedale et al.; revised edition). Data analysis was
carried out using t-test in independent groups, chi-square test and
multivariate variance analysis. Results showed a significant decrease
in depression, anxiety and rumination in the experimental group.
Results also showed that positive affect increased in the experimental
group but not in the control group. The present study is the first
controlled trial for demonstrating that adults with ASD can benefit
from MBT-AS

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mindfulness-based therapy
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Rumination
  • adults
  • autism spectrum disorder
 
 
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