عنوان مقاله [English]
The main goal of the current research was to investigate effectiveness of the individual and family psycho-education of the bipolar1 patients in the prevention of the likely recurrence of depression and maniac episodes, compared to an isolated psychiatric treatment. After checking the inclusion–exclusion criteria, a total sample of 66 bipolar1 disordered patients were selected by purposeful sampling method and divided randomly into 3 groups. Depression and maniac symptoms were measured using the HAM-D and the YMRS instruments. Subjects of the all groups filled two scales in the pretest, posttest and follow up stages. Data were extracted from scales and analyzed by MANCOVA statistical analysis. Significantly differences were found between research groups in depression and mania scores. The depression and mania mean scores of the family psycho-education and individual psycho-education groups were significantly lower than control group in the posttest stage, whereas in the follow-up stage the therapeutic effects was only stable in the family psycho-education regarding maniac symptoms. No other significant effect was evident. It could be concluded that an individual psycho-education intervention could reduce the mania and depression symptoms in the BPD 1 patient under medication in short-term and not in the long-term. In contrast, the family psycho-education could reduce both depressive and maniac symptoms in the short-term and the therapeutic effects was stable in mania symptoms during time. In summary, the complementary family psycho-education can effectively prevent the recurrence of the likely mania episodes of the bipolar 1 patients under psychiatric treatment and is recommended for them.
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