An Investigation of the Relationship between Sources of Meaning of Life and Mental Health

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 B.A. student of clinical psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran

3 Department of Education Psychology and Counseling, University of Tehran

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Investigation of the Relationship between Sources of Meaning of Life and Mental Health

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Rahiminezhad 1
  • Amir Mahmoud Hushmand Chatroidi 2
  • Javad Ejei 3
1 Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 B.A. student of clinical psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran
3 Department of Education Psychology and Counseling, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Since Frankl (1985) has introduced the role of meaning in life in mental health, some psychologists tried to operationalize this concept and study in this field (Crumbaugh and Maholic, 1964; Batista & Almond, 1973; Steger et al., 2006). By development of new instrument in the domain of life's meaning by Schnell (2009), the wider investigation of mental health and meaning in life has been provided. The present study aims at determining the relationship between four sources of life including life meaningfulness, the crisis of life's significance, spirituality, and religiosity and indices of mental health. Therefore, a sample comprising 126 participants (53= female; 73= male) among the students of University of Tehran carried out the questionnaire for investigating the sources of life's meaning (SoMe) and a brief form for the scale of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS-21). The results were analyzed by Pearson Correlation. Among the variables of life's meaning, the crisis of life's meaning showed the highest positive correlation with depression (r = 0.62, p ˂ 0.01) and stress (r = 0.39, p ˂ 0.01). Also, the life meaningfulness showed the highest negative relationship with depression (r = -0.52, p ˂ 0.01) and stress (r = - 0.34, p ˂ 0.01). In conclusion, considering the meaning of life as an important associate of mental health seems essential in order to decrease the depression and stress, and improving the general health of society.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Meaning of life
  • stress
  • Depression
  • and Mental Health
Asghari Moghaddam, M. A.; Saed, F.; Dibajian, P. and Zangeneh, J. (2008). A Preliminary Validation Of The Depression, Anxiety And Stress Scales (Dass) In Non-Clinical Sample. Semi-Annually Daneshvar Raftar. Volume 15, Number 31, P 23-38 (in Persian)
Battista, J.; Almond, R. (1973). Development of meaning in life. Psychiatry-Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 36(4), 409–427.
Crumbaugh, J. C. (1964). Maholic LT, An experimental study in existentialism: The psychometric approach to Frankl’s concept of noogenic neurosis. Journal of Clinical, 11(2), 76-88.
Frankl, V. E. (1985). Man's search for meaning. Simon and Schuster.
Gomez, R. (2013). Depression Anxiety Stress Scales: Factor structure and differential item functioning across women and men. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 687-691.
Hedayati, M.; Khazaei, M. (2014). An Investigation of the relationship between depression, meaning in life and adult hope. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 598-601.
Heyden, K. V.; Dezutter, J.; Beyers, W. (2015). Meaning in Life and Depressive Symptoms: A Person‐Oriented Approach in Residential and Community‐Dwelling Older Adults. Aging and mental health, 19(12), 1063-1070.
Kehne, J. H.; Cain, C.K. (2010). Therapeutic utility of non-peptidic CRF1 receptor antagonists in anxiety, depression, and stress-related disorders: evidence from animal models. Pharmacology and Theraputics,128 (3), 460–487.
Kleftaras, G.; Psarra, E. (2012). Meaning in Life, Psychological Well-Being and Depressive Symptomatology: A Comparative Study. Journal of psychology 3(4), 337-345.
Koenig, H.G. (2009). Research on religion, spirituality, and mental health: a review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(5), 283-291.
Nasiri, H.; Jokar, B. (2008). Meaning in life hope, life satisfaction and mental health in women. Women Research. Vol. 6. No. 2. P 157-176 (in Persian).
Sadock, B. J.; Sadock, V. A.; Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences and clinical psychiatry. 11th ed. New York: Wolters Kluwer.
Schnell, T. (2009). The Sources of Meaning and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (SoMe): Relations to and demographics well-being. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(6), 483–499.
Shia,Y. J.; Chang, F.; Chiang, S.; Lin, I.; Tam, W. C. (2013). Religion and Health: Anxiety, Religiosity, Meaning of Life and Mental Health. Journal of religious health, 54, 35-45.
Steger, M.F.; Frazier, P.; Oishi, S.; Kaler, M. (2006). The Meaning in Life Questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 80–93.
Steger, M.F.; Mann, J.R.; Michels, P.; Cooper, T.C. (2009). Meaning in life, anxiety, depression, and general health among smoking cessation patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 67,353–358.
Verghese, A. (2008). Spirituality and Mental Health. Indian J Psychiatry, 50(4), 233-237.