اثر بخشی روان درمانی مبتنی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی به شیوه گروهی بر سر زندگی سالمندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی شخصیت، دانشگاه علوم تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استاد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

چکیده:
هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثر بخشی آموزش مهارت های مبتنی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی بر سرزندگی سالمندان انجام شده است.
روش: طرح پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون، پس آزمون با گروه آزمایش و کنترل می باشد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه سالمندان مراجع کننده، به کانون جهاندیدگان تهران بوده است که از میان آن ها 30 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. گروه آزمایش و کنترل از لحاظ سن همگن بودند. گروه آزمایش 8 جلسه تحت آموزش مهارتهای مبتنی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی به شیوه ی گروهی قرار گرفتند، اما کنترل هیچ مداخله ای دریافت نکردند. ابزار این پژوهش مقیاس سرزندگیV.S رایان و دسی 1997؛ بود که شرکت کنندگان در مرحله پیش آزمون و پس آزمون به سوالات آن پاسخ دادند. از روشهای آماری توصیفی و کوواریانس جهت تجزیه و تحلیل اثر بخشی آموزش مبتنی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی استفاده شد.
یافته ها: نتایج حاصل نشان داد که میان گروه آزمایش و کنترل از لحاظ متغیر سرزندگی تفاوت معنی داری وجود دارد
.(p<0.001) به این معنی که میزان سرزندگی در گروه آزمایش، پس از مداخله آموزش مهارت های مبتنی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی در سالمندان ارتقاء یافت.
نتیجه گیری: آموزش مهارت های مبتنی بر کیفیت زندگی که از ترکیب روانشناسی مثبت با رویکرد شناخت – رفتاری شکل گرفته، می تواند سرزندگی افراد سالمند را افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

THE EFFICACY OF QUALITY OF LIFE GROUP TRAINIG ON VITALITY OF AGED

نویسندگان [English]

  • fateme mokhtari dizaji 1
  • faramarz sohrabi 2
1 Psychology,Humanities, science and research,Tehran,Iran.
2 ATU
چکیده [English]

ABSTRACT:

Aims: This research was conducted to study the efficacy of quality of life group training on vitality of aged men.
Materials & Methods: the research’s method was semi- experimental with pre-post Test and a control group. The samples consisted of 30 aged males who referred to Focal Noor’s Jahandideg in Tehran and one standard deviation below the mean in happiness scale was acquired from them; they were matched according to age, educational; status, and other criteria considered in this research. Then randomly divided into groups as experimental group but the control groups didn’t receive any intervention. The instrument was oxford happiness Inventory.
Results: the results revealed that there was a significant difference between two group in happiness a vitality (p<0/001). the rate of vitality in the experimental group compared with pre- test and control group was significantly higher.
Conclusion: According to the research, quality of life training as the combined of positive psychology and cognitive behavioral therapy can increase the rate of vitality of aged men.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key Word:" Aged me
  • " Group training," "The efficacy," " Quality of life," "psychotherapy," "Vitality"
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