آموزش اثربخشی تأثیر گشالت درمانگری و معنادرمانگری بر کاهش نشانگان وسواس مراجعان در آستانه ازدواج

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان شناسی و مشاوره دانشگاه کردستان Naseryoosefi@yahoo.com

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی و مشاوره دانشگاه شهید چمرا ن اهواز

چکیده

زمینه: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی دو روی آورد گشتالت درمانگری و معنا‎درمانگری در کاهش نشانگان وسواس مراجعان در آستانه ازدواج صورت گرفت.
روش‌ها: جامعه تحقیق شامل کلیه دانشجویان مراجعه‌کننده به مرکز مشاوره دانشگاه کردستان بود که از این جامعه 90 دانشجو به شیوة تصادفی انتخاب شدند. با استفاده از پرسشنامه باورهای وسواسی نسخه 44 ماده‌ای و مصاحبة تشخیصی تکمیلی  برمبنای DSM IV-TR، میزان وسواسی آزمودنی‌ها تعیین شدند و به تصادف در سه گروه 30 نفری (گروه گشتالت درمانگری، معنا‎‎درمانگری و گواه) قرارگرفتند. دو روش درمانگری بر آزمودنی‌ها داده شدند و سپس با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌ وسواس فکری- عملی مادزلی، آزمودنی‌ها، در سه مرحله پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری اندازه‌گیری شدند، هم‌چنین پرسشنامه افسردگی بک به
منظور حذف آزمودنی‌های دارای افسردگی در مرحله پیش‌آزمون توسط آزمودنی‌ها تکمیل گردید.
یافته‌ها: تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که روی آورد گشتالت درمانگری و معنا‎درمانگری درکاهش  نشانگان وسواس مؤثرند و اثر آنها در مرحله پیگیری ماندگار است.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج پژوهش اثربخشی دو روش درمانی معنادرمانی و گشتالت‌درمانی در کاهش وسواس را نشان می‌دهد و در مشاوره‌های قبل از ازدواج بهتر است مسأله وسواس مراجعان مورد بررسی قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of the Impact of Logotherapy and Gestalt Therapy in Symptom Improvement of Obsessive-Compulsive Clients Referring to Pre-marital Counseling

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nāser Yūsefi 1
  • Khāled Aslāni 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Counseling, University of Kurdistan; email: naseryoosefi@yahoo.com
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Counseling, University of Kurdistan
چکیده [English]

Background: This paper aims to study the effectiveness of Logotherapy and Gestalt therapy in diagnostic symptom improvement of clients referring to pre-marital counseling who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Methodology: Ninety students out of all referring to the counseling center of Kurdistan University in Sanandaj were selected through random sampling method. Obsessive students were diagnosed by applying Obsessive Belief Questionnaire (OBQ-44) and DSM IV-TR. Ninety subjects were randomly assigned into three groups (30 subjects in each Group). Accordingly, three groups were organized as Logotherapy, Gestalt therapy and control groups. The Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-44 was employed both before and after interventions for measuring obsessive characteristics of subjects.
Results: The results showed that Gestalt therapy was similar to Logotherapy in reducing obsessive-compulsive symptoms of students. Also, both Gestalt therapy and Logotherapy were influential in reducing mental symptoms in the follow-up stage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • obsessive-compulsive
  • logotherapy
  • gestalt therapy
  • students
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