رابطه فرآیندهای خود نظم بخشی با انتقال متقابل در روان درمانگران ایرانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشیار روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، دانشکده علوم انسانی (نویسنده مسئول)

3 گروه پرستاری دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تهران

10.22054/jcps.2020.20719.1611

چکیده

پیشینه پژوهشی در روان درمانی همواره بر اهمیت خودآگاهی و مدیریت انتقال متقابل و قابلیت کاربرد آن در تمامی موقعیت‌های روان شناختی تاکید کرده است. بر همین اساس هدف مقاله حاضر بررسی رابطه فرایندهای خودنظم‌بخشی با انتقال متقابل است. در این راستا، از روان‌درمانگران شهر تهران، ۱۸0 نفر که به صورت نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند، مقیاس های پژوهش را تکمیل کردند. به منظور بررسی فرایندهای خودنظم‌بخشی از مقیاس‌های بهوشیاری، خودشناسی انسجامی و فرم کوتاه خودمهارگری و برای بررسی انتقال متقابل از پرسشنامه انتقال متقابل استفاده شد. داده‌های به دست آمده با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که خودشناسی انسجامی و خودمهارگری رابطه منفی با انتقال متقابل دارند و خودشناسی انسجامی در ارتباط خودمهارگری با انتقال متقابل، نقش تعدیل‌کننده ایفا می-کند. نتایج پژوهش گسترش قابلیت ها و ساز و کارهای هشیاری و مهار هشیارانه در فرآیند روان درمانی را مورد تاکید قرار می دهند.

واژگان کلیدی: انتقال متقابل، فرایندهای خودنظم‌بخشی، بهوشیاری، خودشناسی انسجامی، خودمهارگری

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between countertransference and self-regulation process in Iranian psychotherapists

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shiva Geranmayeh 1
  • Parviz Azadfallah 2
چکیده [English]

The relationship between countertransference and self-regulation process in Iranian psychotherapists

Abstract
Psychotherapy literature has always emphasized on the significance of self-knowledge, managing countertransference, and its application in all psychological situations. The goal of this article is to investigate the relationship between self-regulation processes and countertransference. 180 psychotherapists that have worked in Tehran voluntarily participated in this research and they completed the questionnaires. In order to investigate self-regulation three scales were used; Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Integrative Self-Knowledge Scale (ISK), and Brief Self-Control Scale (BSC). Countertransference inventory (CI) was used to measure countertransference. Resulted data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression. Results revealed that integrative self-knowledge and self-control were negatively correlated with countertransference and self-knowledge moderates the relationship between self-control and countertransference. These results emphasize the importance of expanding conscious capacities and mindful control mechanisms in process of psychotherapy and other psychological interventions.
Keywords: Countertransference, Self-regulation processes, Mindfulness, Integrative Self-Knowledge, Self-control

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Countertransference
  • Self-regulation processes
  • Mindfulness
  • Integrative Self-Knowledge
  • self-control
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